When Jan discovered that her boyfriend was cheating on her, she told her friends, “I always knew I couldn’t trust him!” This is called the _______________ bias.

Retrospective Analysis of Personality In this assignment, begin by taking a retrospective look at your life history, to discuss which aspects of your personality have remained consistent and which aspects of your personality have changed over time. Then, analyze the roles of nature and nurture in shaping your personality. Subsequently, discuss possible sources of inaccuracy and bias in any retrospective analysis.
October 1, 2018
Organizational Patterns in Argument Let’s look at samples of research-based writing: “Nervous Nellies” on p. 328; “From Degrading to De-Grading” on p. 254; and “How Many Zombies Do You Know?” on p. 290
October 1, 2018

PSYC 461: Social Psychology

Homework for Chapters 1 & 2 (25 points)

  1. One example of how our social intuitions can be perilous is…



  1. One example of how social influences shaped behavior in a negative way was…



  1. One example of how social influences might shape behavior in a positive way is…



  1. One obvious way our values influence our social psychology research is …



  1. One example of a psychological concept researchers might study that contains hidden values is


  1. When Jan discovered that her boyfriend was cheating on her, she told her friends, “I always knew I couldn’t trust him!” This is called the _______________ bias.


  1. A ____________ is an integrated set of principles that explain and predict observed events, and this allows researchers to develop _______________, which are testable predictions.


  1. The only research method that allows the researcher to determine cause-and-effect relationships is a(n) ____________________________.


  1. When conducting survey research, it is important to study a _________ sample of the population to ensure each member has an equal chance of being included and that the sample is representative of the population of interest.


  1. In an experiment, the best way to ensure there are no differences between the experimental and control groups prior to the experimental manipulation is to use _________ _________________, which ensures each person has the same chance of being in a given condition.

MATCH each of the following terms and definitions from Chapter 1.  Some answer choices will not be utilized. Answer choices are listed on page 2.

_____ 9. telling the participants enough about the experiment to choose whether or not to


_____ 10. the degree to which an experiment absorbs & involves the participants

_____ 11. cues in an experiment that tell the participant what behavior is expected

_____ 12. the degree to which the experiment is similar to everyday situations

_____ 13. explaining a study to the participants after the study has ended




  1. Mundane Realism Demand Characteristics
  2. Informed Consent Debriefing
  3. Experimental Realism Deception
  4. Replication Random assignment


MATCH each of the following terms and descriptions from Chapter 2. Some answer choices will not be utilized.

_____ 14. Susie believes no matter how hard she tries to hide her feelings, everyone knows them.

_____ 15. Drake has many images of what he dreams of and what he dreads in the future.

_____ 16. Paul stated he could complete the project in one weekend, but it took two weekends.

_____ 17. Martin has experienced repeated failures and negative events and now feels hopeless.

_____ 18. Malayah takes the credit for her good grades but blames her teachers for bad grades.

_____ 19. James often overestimates how common his opinions and behaviors are, saying this such

as “Everybody speeds on the highway!” and “Everyone agrees with me!”

_____ 20. Allison skipped practice and stayed up really late the night before a big tennis match so

she would have a handy excuse if she played poorly in the tournament.

_____ 21. Ida believes others are always watching more than they actually are.

_____ 22. Vernon displays lower self-esteem than he actually feels in order to make a good

impression on others. When his boss complimented him on his most recent project, he replied, “Aww, well… I’m sure anybody could have done it!”

_____ 23. Barry typically underestimates how common his abilities and positive behaviors are. He

stated, “Most people are not as good at sports as I am!” and said, “Nobody follows the rules as well as I do!”


  1. Spotlight Effect                   Illusion of Transparency
  2. Possible Selves                   Planning Fallacy
  3. Self-Efficacy       Learned Helplessness
  4. Self-Serving Bias                      False Consensus Effect
  5. Self-Handicapping         False Uniqueness Effect
  6. False Modesty       Social Comparison


  1. What did researchers find when they compared books/texts and song lyrics from the 2000s compared to those from earlier decades? What has changed, specifically?




  1. What happens to self-esteem when “east meets west” – such as when Japanese students are exposed to Western advice or movies, or when they come to North America as exchange students?


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